Pine trees grow in the wild cold and taiga forest regions of the northern hemisphere. They are straight erect trees with large stem and their flowers develop into a cone. The female cones take about two–three years to mature after pollination. At maturity, the female-cones may reach from as small as 3 cm, to a very large cone reaching about 35 cm. Once mature and dry, the cones naturally open (split) up to release the seeds. Once harvested, they are pasteurised to eliminate any bacteria before being packaged. No insecticides or pesticides were used during the growing process and no preservatives or additives were used during the processing of the nuts.